SAP implementation is simply the process that best describes in detail how to make use of the SAP ERP (Enterprise Resource Planning) software in a business setup. The implementation of SAP software involves the use of the best business practices within the system for the success of a business organization.
The incorporation of SAP software is normally a huge operation that results to various major changes in the business organization. The whole implementation process might take a couple of years for it to achieve positive long-term effects. Everyone that is part of the organization is usually involved from the SAP technical support department to all the SAP software end users.
Improved communication and increased feedback on released information are some of the changes that result after SAP implementation. This is why it is important that before the implementation process takes place, a plan to carry it out should be made to ensure effective execution of the implementation process.
SAP Implementation Process
The implementation process involves some five major steps which are very effective when well carried out. The five major steps of implementation are as follows;
1. Project Preparation
This first step is very important to the success of the implementation process. It usually focuses on two major activities which are, making a setup for the Technical Support Organization and defining a solution vision. These are the two major activities of project preparation that when well executed will guarantee the success of your SAP project.
2. Business Blueprint
This part of implementation involves the achievement of a common understanding on how the organization will run its business using the SAP system. The Business Blueprint is simply a detailed documentation of the relevant information gathered during requirements workshops. It represents the business implementation requirements for it to effectively perform daily operation activities within the SAP system.
3. The Realization
This is the part where the business implements all the process requirements indicated in the Business Blueprint. The system configuration methodology is usually provided in two major work packages which are:
- The Baseline (The Major Scope)
- Final Configuration (The Remaining Scope)
4. The Final Preparation
This part of the implementation process involves completion of the final preparation activities such as testing, system management, cut over activities and end user training. These activities will put the final touches before going live. In this phase of preparation, the implementers can now resolve all the critical issues and make a few necessary changes. After successful completion of the final preparation, the business is now ready to operate within a live SAP System.
5. Going Live & Support
This is the last stage after all is said and done. It is now time to shift from the project-oriented- before-production stage to a live production operation. Some of the SAP components installed to be used are;
- R/3 Enterprise:- For Transaction Processing
- mySAP CRM(Customer Relationship Management)
- mySAPSCM(Supply Chain Management)
- mySAP PLM(Product Lifecycle Management)
- mySAP HCM(Human Capital Management)
By this time the business is supposed to have identified and staffed the vacant TSO roles such as the ones that are closely related to helpdesk duties and various other support related work. It is also the time when the SAP system is turned on allowing the end users to get feedback and closely monitor the effectiveness of the solution. Those are the major SAP implementation stages that will help users understand better how it works.